Vitamin E (Alpha-Tocopherol)

Research, Benefits and Cautions.

Vitamin E, otherwise known as alpha-tocopherol, serves as a cofactor in several enzyme systems. It keeps excessive oxidation from occurring that could cause harmful effects in the body. Great sources of vitamin E may be found in wheat germ, nuts and seeds, whole grain cereals, eggs, and leafy greens.

How This Vitamin Works in Your Body:
Protects fats, cell membranes, DNA, and enzymes against damage
Encourages normal growth and development
Helps prevent vitamin E deficiency in premature infants and those with low birth weights
Acts as an antioxidant to protect against heart disease and cancer
Anti-blood clotting agent
Helps protect against prostate cancer
Improves immune system
Reduces risk of first fatal heart attack in men

Where This Vitamin is Found:
Brazil nuts
Canola oil
Corn oil/margarine
Cottonseed oil
Fortified cereals
Hazelnuts (filberts)
Peanuts/Peanut oil
Safflower nuts/oil
Soybean oil
Sunflower seeds
Wheat germ
Wheat germ oil

How to Use:
Available as:
Liquid: the best form due to its high bioavailability and fast absorption. Always choose liquid as your first choice when supplementing your diet.
Tablets: available

Recommended Daily Intakes
Men: 10 mg alpha TE (15 IU)
Women: 8 mg alpha TE (12 IU)
Pregnancy: 10 mg alpha TE (15 IU)
Lactation: 12 mg alpha TE (18 IU)

Consult your doctor if you have:
Iron-deficiency anemia
Bleeding or clotting problems
Cystic fibrosis
Intestinal problems
Liver disease
Overactive thyroid
Low-birth weight baby

Over 55:
Not problems should occur.

Always consult doctor during pregnancy. Keep dosage within DRI. Low-birth weight babies at risk for deficiency.

No problems should occur.

Heat and/or moisture may alter the vitamin. Refrigeration is recommended.

Symptoms of Deficiency:
Symptoms include in infants irritability, fluid retention and anemia. Adult symptoms may include lethargy, loss of balance and anemia. There may be increased risk of heart disease, cancer, and premature aging with marginal deficiencies.

Signs of Overdose:
Very high doses may cause:
Tendency to bleed
Altered immunity
Impaired sex functions
Increased risk of blood clots
Altered metabolism of thyroid, pituitary and adrenal hormones

Side Effects:
Reaction or effect : What to Do
Abdominal pain : Discontinue. Consult doctor immediately.
Breast enlargement : Discontinue. Refer to your doctor soon.
Diarrhea : Discontinue. Consult doctor immediately.
Dizziness : Discontinue. Refer to your doctor soon.
Flu-like symptoms : Discontinue. Consult doctor immediately.
Headache : Discontinue. Refer to your doctor soon.
Nausea : Discontinue. Consult doctor immediately.
Tiredness or weakness : Discontinue. Refer to your doctor soon.
Vision blurred : Discontinue. Consult doctor immediately.


Interacts with : Combined effect
Antacids : Vitamin-E absorption reduced.
Anticoagulants, coumadin- or indandione-type : Spontaneous or hidden bleeding may result.
Aspirin (long-term use) : May reduce blood doffing to greater extent than desired to decrease cardiac
Cholestyramine : Absorption of vitamin E reduced.
Colestipol : Absorption of vitamin E reduced.
Iron supplements : Use of iron for with iron-deficiency anemia efficacy decreased. Vitamin-E effect
reduced in healthy people.
Mineral oil : Absorption of vitamin E reduced.
Sucralfate : Absorption of vitamin E reduced.
Vitamin A : Aids absorption storage and utilization of vitamin A. Possible toxicity of vitamin A reduced.


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